The name Goa came to European languages brought by the Portuguese colonisers, but its precise origin is unclear. The Indian epic Mahabharata refers to the area now known as Goa, as 'Goparashtra' or 'Govarashtra"' which means a nation of cowherds. 'Gopakapuri' or 'Gapakapattana' were used in some ancient Sanskrit texts, and these names were also mentioned in other sacred Hindu texts such as the Harivansa and the Skanda. In the latter, Goa is also known as "Gomanchala". Gove, Govapuri, Gopakpattan, and Gomant are some other names that the region is referred to in certain inscriptions and texts such as the Puranas. It has also been known as "Aprant" and "Dan's Yard".
Goa has a long history stretching back to the 3rd century BC, when it formed part of the Mauryan Empire. Goa was later ruled by the Satavahanas of Kolhapur (in Maharashtra) around two thousand years ago. It eventually passed to the Chalukyas of Badami, who controlled it between 580 to 750. Over the next few centuries Goa was successively ruled by the Silharas, the Kadambas and the Chalukyans of Kalyani, rulers of Deccan India.
Goa is all about losing track of time. Where you don’t know when the sun goes down and the stars come out as you dance the night away. The throbbing beaches and the cheerful outlook of the many tourists in Goa make you feel like something magical is always about to happen. Goa is in a constant state of excitement. A tropical paradise where night and day merge into a unending journey of relaxation and rejuvenation - almost like a party that everybody has been invited to. However, Goa is also about wandering away from the restless crowds and heading to quaint, unusual cafes to spend some time with yourself or a loved one. It is about stealing away moments and escaping the chatter of the many people around you. In short, Goa is both the calm and the chaos.
Best season to visit November to March: These are the best months to visit the party capital since the weather is pleasantly cool and comfortable. It's the perfect time to relax on the beaches amidst other tourists who make the most of these three months in Goa.
Best Buys Flavoured Tea, Cashew Nuts, Variety Of Hats, Sea Shells Galore, Goa Bread, Bamboo home decor
Temperature The air temperature during the season of summer fluctuates between 25°C and 35°C.
Climate Goa has a tropical climate, with hot, humid weather for most of the year. In summer the temperatures can reach as high as 91°F (33°C) and there are monsoon rains from June to September. Goa has a short winter, lasting only from December to February, with temperatures averaging around 77°F (25°C).
Festivals Goa Carnival is the most popular festival of Goa. The colourful streets and floats resonate the joy of people in the carnival.
Location Goa, state of India, comprising a mainland district on the country's southwestern coast and an offshore island. It is located about 250 miles (400 km) south of Mumbai (Bombay).
Best Activities Goa is a traveler's paradise. From water sports, beaches, shacks, and shopping; Goa overwhelms every heart and soul. Be it solo travelers; honeymoon couples, family groups or youngsters; Goa has a lot to offer to everyone.
Best season to visit 1,020 m (3,350 ft)
Clothing November to March
Altitude Persian embroidery and Buddhist drapes
STD Code It is located on the west coast of India
Languages Konkani, hindi, English